TED Header
TED Logo
Technologies for Economic Development

Child friendly and gender sensitive ecological and sustainable school sanitation systems in urban and peri-urban areas in Lesotho


Implemented by: Technologies for Economic Development1 (TED, Lesotho) in partnership with Bremen Overseas Research & Development Association (BORDA, Germany), and German Toilet Organization (GTO, Germany), with the Ministry of Education and Training (MoET), other relevant Line Ministries, and communities.

Funded by: European Commission (ACP-EU Water Facility, EDF 10) and co-funded by several private donors

THE CHALLENGE: Rapid surveys in schools conducted in 2010 and 2012 by TED revealed: (1) VIP latrines according to national standard design are dark inside, urging girls and boys to defecate in the pathways. Walls between the cubicles are destroyed, hence no privacy especially for girls on menstruation. No waste bins for sanitary napkins in girls’ toilet blocks. Pits and ventilation pipes are not maintained. (2) Hand washing devices are not requested in the tenders and therefore not existing. (3) Schools are not able to maintain and repair neither water supply nor sanitation facilities due to lacking funds.

Where school sanitation facilities are neglected or not available, open defecation is practiced in “Dongas”, exposing girls and women to the risk of sexual harassment and violence. After each rainfall households living downstream from schools suffer from waterborne diseases, because feces are washed to wells and surface waters where people fetch their drinking water.

THE GOAL: "To increase safe access to sustainably improved ecological sanitation systems in schools in peri-urban and urban areas of Lesotho; up to 40 schools in peri-urban and urban areas have access to and maintain ecological sanitation systems and sustain gender sensitive hygiene behaviour." /p>

Hygiene education in schools plays a key role in informing students about the importance of safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and good hygiene for a healthy and wealthy life, and students must be enabled to implement the gained knowledge right on the spot to have long lasting learning outcomes. Children can act as ‘change agents’ and have an important multiplier function in the communities.

THE participating SCHOOLS: (1) not equipped with any sanitation facility at all, or(2) equipped with non-functional, unhygienic latrines, or (3) linked to orphanages without safe sanitation facilities, and (4) play a central role in the community.

THE ACTION: Ecologically and economically sustainable school sanitation systems will be installed by using ...

Software:‘Problem Based Learning’ and ‘Hygiene is Fun’ tools: Knowledge, fun, success and responsibility for the school - celebrated by maintaining clean toilets- guide the strategy for life-saving behavior change.Activities include:

(1) sensitization of local authorities, staff of decentralized units of relevant ministries such as MoET, MoH, MEMWA, students, parents and teachers, and Community Water and Sanitation Committees; (2) Hygiene education for students and teachers; (3) Training in construction, operation & maintenance; re-use of sanitized products in school gardens; (4) Induction of ownership of the water supply and sanitation infrastructure among students, teachers, and Community Water and Sanitation Committees.

Hardware: (1) child- and gender-adapted sanitation facilities; (2) water supply for rainy and dry seasons; (3) systems for safe on-site wastewater treatment, operation and maintenance equipment; (4) school gardens.

“I hear – I forget; I see – I remember; I do – I understand”

Made with ModX
Copyright TED 2018