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Technologies for Economic Development

Maseru Waste Water Project - W1 (MWWP-W1):
Provision of On-site Sanitation Facilities in Urban Maseru

Implemented by: Technologies for Economic Development (TED) on behalf of the Lesotho Water and Sewerage Company (WASCO)

Funded by: European Investment Bank (EIB)

THE CHALLENGE: “Lesotho has water as its most important natural resource second to her people. But water resource development has not kept pace with the growing demand by the population and the vastly increasing demand for water for domestic and industrial consumption in Maseru and its peripheries has increased substantially and is expected to double in 2030” (Call for Proposals -Provision for On-Site Sanitation Facilities for WASCO, MWWP). As the demand for water increase, goes without saying with the demand for sanitation and hygiene services, therefore demand for water, sanitation and hygiene can never be separated as each one of them is needed for the other.

The Government of Lesotho (GoL) therefore recognizes that the imbalance of population growth and supply of water is a major constraint to the economy development and is affecting the health and well-being of the population and so complementary with the need to expand availability of potable water is the need to improve and expand the sanitation facilities within the WASCO service areas.

To address the worsening problem of improving the sanitation facilities in Maseru the GoL has determined that the implementation of the MWWP shall be accorded highest priority.

THE OVERALL OBJECTIVE: To implement the provision of approximately 3100 on-site sanitation facilities for Maseru as a component of the currently implemented Maseru Wastewater Project (MWWP). MWWP-W1 is addressing households with tap in the yard but without in-house plumbing which are to be targeted for water closets, and households who cannot afford the recurrent costs of either a full scale connection or a water closet which are targeted by VIP latrines.

THE SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: i) Within the limits of the targeted population, to address and reinforce the changing process enabling increase in the demand for on-site sanitation facilities and ii) to construct and/or rehabilitate such facilities.

THE ACTION: In general, TED’s holistic approach to sanitation includes both software and hardware, whereby the term ‘software’ relates to ‘social marketing including activities for awareness raising, information, capacity development, education and behaviour change, and ‘hardware’ relates to construction, training-on-the-job and maintenance services.

Software: Work Package 1 (WP1)Door-to-door survey to establish a baseline of the water supply and sanitation coverage within urban Maseru, and socio-economic characteristics of the targeted population.

WP2: Community Mobilization to create demand for improved sanitation systems including health and hygiene promotion and education to achieve behavioral changes; and information about WASCO’s Revolving Fund facility. Community Mobilization will happen in close cooperation with Community Councils, local stakeholders (Environmental Health Assistants, Social Development Workers).

Hardware: WP3: Construction of people- and environment-friendly on-site sanitation facilities including training of residents: water-tight chambers, safe doors, hand washing device in the toilet cabin. If wanted by households, the TED recommended Amalooloo Dry Sanitation System can be upgraded with rainwater harvesting for hand washing and a solar panel for light in the cabin. Amalooloo can also be transformed to a flush toilet and could be connected to both the WASCO water and the sewer.

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